Her focus on performance has been widely influential because performance and performativity enable discussants to move beyond analyses of legal definition or status to consider the political and social discursive forces that construct and normalize legal or political practice. Although each sentence may be said to be true or false, sentences do more than provide true or false pictures of the world.
Among the most popular variations of the social constructionist theories is the gender role theory, considered by Alsop, Fitzsimons and Lennon as an early form of social constructionism. Social constructionismbriefly, is the concept that there are many things that people "know" or take to be "reality" that are at least partially, if not completely, socially situated.
Examples include money, tenurecitizenshipdecorations for bravery, and the presidency of the United States. Social constructionism is a theory of knowledge. Social constructionism focuses on how meaning is created.
Emerging from the criticism of objectivitysocial constructionism challenges concepts of knowledge put forward by positivismwhich postulates the externality of reality and that empirically-proved truths are mind-independent.
Knowledge is a social product. Power and hierarchy underlie social construction. This focus results in showing how individuals differ in status, entitlement, efficacy, self-respect and other traits based on the kind of interactions one is involved in and subjected to.
Language is at the core of knowledge. Language is considered the building block of culture; it conveys meaning and creates the system of knowledge humans participate in.
Ultimately, language has a huge influence on how humans perceive reality and, as a result, is the creator of this reality.
Social construction is a dynamic process. Social constructionists emphasize the complexity of how knowledge is created in social interactions. Knowledge and meanings are not stable or constant; they are co-constructed in interactions with others, negotiated, modified and shifted.
People are active in their perception, understanding and sharing of knowledge acquired from their social milieu. It is prudent therefore to consider this process when explaining the social construction of knowledge, including knowledge concerning gender. The individual and society are indissoluble.
Social constructionists question the Western idea of an autonomous individual who can draw a clear line between the self and the society. According to social constructionism, individuals can create meaning only in relation to what they are exposed to in their environment.
Paradoxically, the same individuals co-create the meanings that are available in this environment. They also argue that both the materialist and discursive theories of social construction of gender can be either essentialist or non-essentialist.
This means that some of these theories assume a clear biological division between women and men when considering the social creation of masculinity and femininity, while other contest the assumption of the biological division between the sexes as independent of social construction.Unlike theatrical acting, Butler argues that we cannot even assume a stable subjectivity that goes about performing various gender roles; rather, it is the very act of performing gender that constitutes who we are (see the next module on performativity).
appearance of gender into its constitutive acts and locate and account for those acts within the compulsory frames set by the var-ious forces that police the social appearance of gender.
Gender is not just a process, but it is a par-ticular type of process, “a set of repeated acts within a highly rigid regulatory frame”as Butler puts it.
Butler’s notion of ‘performativity’ is most famously associated with her views on gender and is important for critical legal thinkers because performativity is deeply entangled with politics and legality.
Her focus on performance has been widely influential because performance and. Butler’s notion of ‘performativity’ is most famously associated with her views on gender and is important for critical legal thinkers because performativity is deeply entangled with politics and legality.
The theory of ‘Gender Performance’ or ‘Gender Performativity’ was first coined in Judith Butler’s book titled Gender Trouble. Butler’s theories on gender identity and gender performativity were based on the notion of destabilizing gender identities and categories.
Proper Citation of this Page. Felluga, Dino. "Modules on Butler: On Performativity." Introductory Guide to Critical regardbouddhiste.com of last update, which you can find on the home regardbouddhiste.com U. Date you accessed the site.