Senatethe President of the United States negotiates treaties with foreign nations, but treaties enter into force only if ratified by two-thirds of the Senate. Both the Secretary of State and ambassadors are appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate. The United States Secretary of State acts similarly to a foreign minister and under Executive leadership is the primary conductor of state-to-state diplomacy. Powers of the Congress[ edit ] Main articles:
Major Wars and Conflicts of The 20th Century The 20th Century was the bloodiest, costliest century of warfare in human history.
Two world wars, and a large number of major revolutions, along with significant social, political, and economic upheavals made the period from to of great importance in a historical and military sense. Below is a list with links of the major wars of the twentieth century.
Any such list is by nature somewhat subjective, but the wars and conflicts listed below all had signifcant importance in history. This list of 20th Century wars is presented in rough chronological order, with the earliest listed first, and descending toward the also war-filled 21st Century.
The Second Boer War --Britain vs. Following repeated defeats by the Somalis, the colonial powers offered him territory in Italian Somaliland in exchange for peace. He resumed his war in and harassed the occupiers of his country until Philippine-American War --Originally called the "Philippine Uprising", this was a war of independence fought by the Filipinos against the occupying American military.
Filipino resistance was ruthlessly crushed.
The Boxer Rebellion -- The Chinese secret religious and nationalistic Society of the Righteous Harmonious Fists Boxersinitiated a rebellion against both foreign colonizers, missionaries and their own government in Bythe Chinese government had co-opted the rebels and directed their violent fury entirely upon the foreign presence in China.
The Boxers, aided by Chinese Imperial troops, besieged the diplomatic legations embassies of the Western powers and Japan, sparking a truly international response.
A retaliatory relief expedition composed of troops from: Second Balkan War --The victors in the First Balkan War fell out among themselves, with Bulgaria attacking Serbia and Greece in an attempt to gain more of the spoils from the first war. Rumania, Montenegro, and the Ottomans also joined the war against Bulgaria.
Is considered part of Turkish War of Independence. The Greek offensive failed. Ethiopia had defeated Italy in the First Italo-Ethiopian War inand Mussolini sought revenge for that embarrassing Italian defeat.
This war exposed the inherent weaknesses of the League of Nations an earlier and very weak version of the United Nations when it was unable to prevent war.
Italy successfuly conquered Ethiopia in Led by General Francisco Franco, the Nationalist rebels fought a long and bloody civil war against their Republican foes.
Franco was received significant military aid from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. The Republican side was aided by the Soviet Union. Franco won the war in and set up a Fascist government. This war is considered one of the precursor conflicts leading to World War Two.
Communist rebels supported by Yugoslavia and other Communist nations fought against the pro-Western Greek government, which was given significant support by the United States and Great Britain.
The war ended with a government victory.
First Indochina War --The "First IndochinaWar" was really a regional conflict involving France, as the colonial ruler of "French Indochina," against the nationalist but Communist rebels seeking independence for Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. Below are the "smaller" conflicts that in part made up the First Indochina War.
France received significant material support from the United States.Debating the Origins of the Cold War: American and Russia As the 20th century slowly passes into history, the book is timely.
Containing analysis of important surviving persons and actions in that war. This item: Debating the Origins of the Cold War: American and Russian Perspectives (Debating Twentieth-Century America) Set up a /5(2). At the same time, federal dollars feeding this complex helped produce one of the greatest economic booms in world history.
The question as to whether the United States or the USSR was more to blame for starting the Cold War has produced heated debate among twentieth-century historians. The American Century existed through the Cold War and demonstrated the status of the United States as the foremost of the world's two superpowers.
After the Cold War, the most common belief held that only the United States fulfilled the criteria to . Cold War The Cold War rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union lasted for decades and resulted in anti-communist suspicions and international incidents that led the two superpowers.
Major Wars and Conflicts of The 20th Century The 20th Century was the bloodiest, costliest century of warfare in human history. Two world wars, and a large number of major revolutions, along with significant social, political, and economic upheavals made the period from to of great importance in a historical and military sense.
You cannot properly understand current world events without understanding the history of the 20th Century. This topic takes us on a journey from the end of Imperialism through two world wars and the Cold War and brings us to our modern world.