Many institutions were set up to settle legal disputes, and Roman law appeared in every town governed by the empire. The influence of Roman law would long outlast the empire. The basis of Roman society, as proclaimed by the laws, was the family, headed by a pater familias, who had power over his dependents. However, Roman women were quite free and had greater control over their wealth and property than preceding states in the Mediterranean.
The rise and fall of the Roman and Chinese empires juxtaposed. The Roman and Chinese had much similarities but also many differences. Their economies were both agrarian and monetized, but adopted different models of production organization. Their societies were both patriarchic, conservative and stratified.
Each person had specific social roles and had moral duty to be contended with them. Both societies valued the family, the nursery of authoritarianism, but the Roman made a clear legal separation between the state and the family, the Chinese did not.
Their political power was mostly held by aristocrats, but the Roman senatorial aristocracy and the Chinese feudal aristocracy differed in characters. Initially, their states were all city-sized, but the western city-state and Chinese feudal states had different political structures.
Because the conditions of the infant Republic and the early Spring and Autumn period were so different, and because the two realms undertook radical reforms in different stages of development, their rises followed different paths, and ended in two forms of absolute monarchy, a military dictatorship with wealthy elites for the Roman Empire, a bureaucratic autocracy with doctrinaire elites for imperial China.
The five centuries prior of unification of China were divided into two periods, traditionally called the Spring and Autumn period named after the Spring and Autumn Annals complied by Confucius, an aristocrat who lived toward its end and the Warring-states period.
In terms of technology, economic development, and political organization, China in the Spring and Autumn period lagged far behind that of the early Roman Republic.
It caught up during the Warring-states period, when Legalist reformers prepared the institutional foundations of the imperial China.
China in the Spring and Autumn period was still in the late bronze age. Its main weapon was the chariot, which was monopolized by aristocrats. Private landed property right was unknown; land ownership was undifferentiated from fiefdom and political sovereignty.
People lived their lives in communal farms and collectively worked the seigniorial fields without compensation. Individual families used allotted plots for subsistence but did not own them; the plots were rotated among families for fairness.
There was no market for land. The more than a thousand fully independent tiny states were descendants of fiefdoms erected in the eleventh century BCE by the king of Zhou. Their rulers, mostly distant relatives, still retained the title of lords and paid lip service to the now powerless king.
Each lord in turn parceled out his realm into fiefs for vassals, who also served as his ministers. The hereditary ministers owed loyalty to their lord only, not to the king. Thus although the king had notional authority over the world, substantive authority was distributed among feudal aristocrats, the lords and their ministers.
The state was undifferentiated from the ruling family. All ministries were hereditary, many held their own fiefs, and most were relatives to the ruler.Sep 11, · One similarity between the Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty were that they were both very advanced societies, with a great political system.
The difference between the Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty was that the Romans were sort of a republic, where they got to choose their leader. The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese: 漢朝) emerged as a principal power in East Asia in BCE after the fall of the Qin Dynasty in BCE.
They pioneered a political system and social structure in China that lasted for almost 2, years. possible government was a well-ordered violations of the earlier republican empire. ideals. /ˇ *˘ (˚ˆ˘ˆ " - China’s empire has lasted for the last - Rome’s empire rose, fell, and was years.
Dynasties have come and gone, although it lived on as a gone, and sometimes the empire has concept. Rome Han Comparison 1. Roman Empire and Han Dynasty A Short Comparison AP World History 2.
Roman Empire 3.
Han Dynasty 4. The Rise and Fall of the Roman and Early Chinese Empires. Two thousand years ago, the Old World of civilization underwent its first imperial age.
The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty of imperial China coexisted with Parthia and Kushan, spanning the mid-latitude of Eurasia and northern Africa.
Roman Empire. Hans Buddism. -Buddism arrived during the first century and was one of the major religions.
-It was thought to have come from India through the Silk Road. During the han Dynasty, Buddism arrived in northen china as new religion to give people spiritual inlightment.