Historical background[ edit ] The relationship between anthropologymedicine and medical practice is well documented.
As is true for anthropology generally, medical anthropology takes a holistic approach to research, examining cultural, historical, political-economic, and ecological dimensions of health and illness.
There are a number of noteworthy intellectual trajectories. Biocultural anthropology examines the ways environmental conditions shape disease processes, highlighting the impacts of social, ecological, and evolutionary forces on human biology.
Cultural medical anthropology is the largest subfield, with several lines of study. Ethnomedicine examines indigenous and non-biomedical healing systems in their broader cultural context, including etiological understandings, the social organization of healing relations and therapy management, nosology, and the effectiveness of healing approaches.
Medical pluralism explores the ways persons and community groups navigate between competing healing approaches. Symbolic anthropology has been central to studies of ethnomedicine and medical pluralism, although scholars have also emphasized pragmatism and evolution.
More generally, the ethnographic description of illness experience has long been central to medical anthropology, giving rise to numerous theoretical questions regarding the ways illnesses gain legitimacy or become stigmatized; the narratives of self, other, and illness that come to shape identity and social relations; and institutional, interpersonal, and expert forms of care.
Race, gender, and other forms of difference in relation to illness, healing, and health system reform are of great interest to medical anthropology. A concern with inequalities characterizes all of the subfields, but it is the hallmark of one of the most vibrant theoretical frameworks in the field—critical medical anthropology, which emphasizes the global, political-economic, and historical contextualization of illness.
Since the late s, an important synthesis has developed between critical medical anthropology and biocultural anthropology, in which evolutionary and ecological components of disease are considered in light of political and economic inequalities.
It emerges in topics such as cultural competence and applied medical anthropology, genomics, global health, and health-care reform.
This is a broad field that includes medical and psychiatric anthropology, global health, disability, social suffering, humanitarianism, death and dying, caregiving, public health, medical ethics, human rights and medical humanities. Psychological-Medical Anthropology Labs. The Global Health Lab; its course and outcome, and the question of universal and culturally variable features of mental illness. 2) ethnopsychiatry, indigenous forms of psychotherapy, cultural factors in the therapeutic process, and religious healing systems. Medical Anthropology and Global Health. Medical Anthropology is a subfield of anthropology that draws upon social, cultural, biological, and linguistic anthropology to better understand those factors which influence health and well being (broadly defined), the experience and distribution of illness, the prevention and treatment of sickness, healing processes, the social relations of.
Textbooks A range of textbooks have been published in medical anthropology, reflecting the diverse perspectives of the field while simultaneously striving for a degree of holism. Ember and Ember is a vast reference with stand-alone articles introducing key topics, terms, and conceptual frameworks as well as ethnographic case studies.
Priced beyond the norm for textbooks, this reference would be best used selectively by advanced students interested in learning about a particular area of the field. Janzen is an erudite text that offers rich introductory explanations with attention to historical complexity.
Joralemonone of the most popular introductory textbooks, is highly readable, with compelling case studies to illustrate theoretical concepts.
McElroy and Townsend is a highly popular biocultural textbook now in its fifth edition. Wiley and Allen is another biocultural textbook that provides somewhat more discussion of paleopathology than McElroy and Townsend Nichter also emphasizes the relevance of medical anthropology; his text is aimed at a more advanced readership of global health professionals.
Winkelman is a textbook in applied anthropology suitable for all levels. Encyclopedia of medical anthropology: Organized into two volumes, the first examines general concepts; medical systems; political, economic, and social issues; sexuality, reproduction, and the life cycle; and health conditions; the second includes fifty-two ethnographic case studies.
The social fabric of health: An introduction to medical anthropology. Focus is on cultural approaches, with some attention to biocultural issues.
Diverse historical and intellectual trajectories within medical anthropology are also addressed. Suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduate students. Chapters include attention to research questions, methods, and analysis; case studies explore different approaches within the discipline to key issues such as epidemics.
Substantial focus on biomedicine, applied medical anthropology, and medical ethics. McElroy, Ann, and Patricia K. Medical anthropology in ecological perspective.
The fifth edition adds new sections written by leading specialists as guest contributors. Includes discussion of careers in health, environment, and applied medical anthropology.
Why cultural perceptions, social representations, and biopolitics matter.Medical Anthropology, Patient-Centered Care, Veterans, Anthropology of Mental Health Food, Bodies, and the “Stuff” of (Not) Eating in Anorexia The diverse materialities that form part of lived experiences of mental ill-health and its treatment have been largely overlooked in research.
Medical anthropology studies "human health and disease, health care systems, and biocultural adaptation". It views humans from multidimensional and ecological perspectives.
It is one of the most highly developed areas of anthropology and applied anthropology, and is a subfield of social and cultural anthropology that examines the ways in which culture and society are organized around or. Medical Anthropology, Patient-Centered Care, Veterans, Anthropology of Mental Health Food, Bodies, and the “Stuff” of (Not) Eating in Anorexia The diverse materialities that form part of lived experiences of mental ill-health and its treatment have been largely overlooked in research.
Indeed, anthropology’s reach will be as strong in the public health side of mental health as in the clinical side. The question for anthropology and psychiatry and public health, then, will not be.
This is a broad field that includes medical and psychiatric anthropology, global health, disability, social suffering, humanitarianism, death and dying, caregiving, public health, medical ethics, human rights and medical humanities.
Welcome to the Anthropology and Mental Heath Interest Group website! This site is designed as a place to share, store and discuss topics related to Anthropology and Mental Health as part of the Anthropology and Mental Health Special Interest Group (SIG) associated with the Society of Medical Anthropology.