Trade routes of the Western Sahara c. Goldfields are indicated by light brown shading. Theories of foreign state founders[ edit ] The origins of Ghana have been dominated by fights between ethno-historic accounts and archaeological interpretations.
Songhai people In ancient times there were several different groups of people that collectively formed the Songhai identity. Among the first people to settle in the region of Gao were the Sorko people, who established small settlements on the banks of the Niger River.
The Sorko fashioned boats and canoes from the wood of the cailcedrat tree and fished and hunted from their boats and provided water-borne transport for goods and people.
Another group of people that moved into the area to exploit the Niger's resources were the Gow people. The Gow were hunters and specialized in hunting river animals such as crocodile and hippopotamus.
They were farmers who raised crops in the fertile lands bordering the river. Sometime before the 10th century, these early settlers were subjugated by more powerful, horse-riding Songhai speakers, who established control over the area.
All these groups of people gradually began to speak the same language and they and their country eventually became known as the Songhai. Za Dynasty The earliest dynasty of kings is obscure and most of the information about this dynasty comes from an ancient cemetery near a village called Saneyclose to Gao.
Inscriptions on a few of the tombstones in the cemetery indicate that this dynasty ruled in the late 11th and early 12th centuries and that the rulers from this dynasty bore the title of Malik. Other tombstones mention a second dynasty, whose rulers bore the title zuwa. There is only myth and legend to describe zuwa origins.
The Chronicle reports that the legendary founder of the Za or the Zuwa dynasty was called Za Alayaman, who originally came from Yemen and settled in the town of Kukiya.
Gao Empire The camel-riding Sanhaja tribes were among the early people of the Niger bend region. They were locally known as the Tuareg. These tribes rode out of the great Sahara Desert and established trading settlements near the Niger.
As time passed, North African traders crossed the Sahara and joined the Tuaregs in their Niger bend settlements.
As trade in the region increased, the Songhai chiefs took control of the profitable commerce around what was to later become Gao. Between andas the Ghana Empire prospered as the "land of gold" far to the west, the trading centre at Gao became an increasingly important terminus for trade across the Sahara.
And by the 10th century, the Songhai chiefs had established Gao as a small kingdom, taking control of the people living along the trade routes. At aroundGao had become so prosperous that it attracted the attention of the Mali Empire and its rulers. Gao was subsequently conquered by them and Mali profited from Gao's trade and collect taxes from its kings until about the s.
Troubles in the Mali homelands made it impossible to maintain control of Gao. He arrived by boat from Timbuktu on his return journey from visiting the capital of the empire:The Songhai Empire (also transliterated as Songhay) was a state that dominated the western Sahel in the 15th and 16th century.
At its peak, it was one of the largest states in African history. The state is known by its historiographical name, derived from its leading ethnic group and ruling elite, the Songhai.
The Ghana Empire (c. until c. ), properly known as Awkar (Ghana or Ga'na being the title of its ruler), was located in the area of present-day southeastern Mauritania and western Mali. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire was based at Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) from to It encompassed lands in the Middle East, North Africa, the Caucasus, and eastern Europe.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country regardbouddhiste.comt Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes (often identified with Narmer).
Essay about Links Between Ancient Empire (Songhai, Ming and Mughul) | Ming China | Songhai | Mughal India | Government and Society | * Absolute rulers * Government followed out all emperor’s orders * Emperor seen as god | * Peace patrolling by navy * Surrounding chiefs kept more of their power if they paid tributes * Based on Islamic Principals.
The Songhai Empire (also transliterated as Songhay) was a state that dominated the western Sahel in the 15th and 16th century. At its peak, it was one of the largest states in African regardbouddhiste.com state is known by its historiographical name, derived from its leading ethnic group and ruling elite, the Songhai.
Sonni Ali established Gao as the capital of the empire, although a Songhai state had.