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While their work was often categorized as "jazz fusion", the band members themselves generally rejected the term. This position remained consistent throughout the life of the band.
Having originally made his name as a pioneering electric piano player, he went on to consistently develop the role of the synthesizer in jazz during his time with Weather Report.
Working with companies such as ARP and OberheimZawinul developed new ways of voicing and patching electronic tones for textures, ensemble roles including emulations of traditional band instruments and soloing.
In Weather Report, he often employed a vocoderas well as recorded sounds played i. No Wayne, no Weather Report.
His choice not to follow the same approach with Weather Report led to some criticism of the group. During his time with Weather Report, Shorter was noted for generally playing saxophone with an economical, "listening" style.
As a composer, he chose a more abstract, sometimes atonal and "free jazz" style of music, opposed to the sometimes flamboyant melodicism of the tunes written by Zawinul or Pastorius.
Playing both tenor and soprano saxophones, Shorter continued to develop the role of the latter instrument in jazz, taking his cue from previous work by ColtraneSidney BechetLucky Thompsonand Steve Lacy.
Weather Report maintained a consistent interest in a textured sound and developments in music technology and processing.
For its first eight years of existence, the group had difficulty finding a permanent drummer, moving through about one drummer per year until Jaco Pastorius helped to recruit Peter Erskine in Erskine and later on Omar Hakim were the only Weather Report drummers who played with the band for more than two years.
History[ edit ] During this decade, both men made names for themselves as being among the best composers in jazz. Zawinul later joined Shorter in contributing to the initial fusion music recordings of Miles Davis, and both men were part of the studio groups that recorded the key Davis albums In a Silent Way and Bitches Brew Weather Report was initially formed to explore a more impressionistic and individualistic music or, as Zawinul put it, "away from all that eight bars shit and then you go to the bridge The initial recruits were session player Don Alias and symphony orchestra percussionist Barbara Burton.
During recording, Alias quarreled with Zawinul allegedly due to Zawinul being too dictatorial over the percussion approach and the innovative Brazilian percussionist Airto Moreira yet another Davis alumnus was brought in to complete the record.
Guitarist John McLaughlin was also invited to join the group, but decided to pursue his solo career, instead. It built on the avant-garde experiments which Zawinul and Shorter had pioneered with Miles Davis on Bitches Brew, including an avoidance of head-and-chorus composition in favor of continuous rhythm and movement.
Down Beat magazine described the album as "music beyond category". I Sing the Body Electric also showed the first signs of a shift in the balance of control within the band, away from the more collective approach of the debut album.
During the following year, this tendency would develop further. Melodically and rhythmically, Miroslav was great; what he did do, in terms of where I was coming from, was very unique. Miroslav was still playing acoustic, and it was an odd kind of a funk. Andrew White III had returned to play occasional English horn on the album, but Zawinul also employed him on bass guitar on three tracks to get the style of funk playing required.
Gravatt took his replacement in the studio sessions badly and quit the band at the end of recording, moving to Minneapolis to join the band Natural Life. Recruited by Shorter, Johnson was a supple player more than capable of providing the funk element which Zawinul desired.
He was also an early advocate of the Chapman Stickwhich he can be heard playing on some of the live Weather Report recordings of the period.
Zawinul exploited improvements in synthesizer technology on the recording and began to add processed sound effects such as cheering crowds, childlike cries and noises reminiscent of science-fiction aliens. To shore up the music, the band hired another drummer, Darryl Brown, to play alongside him.
Instead, the band called in the former Herbie Hancock drummer Leon "Ndugu" Chanclerwho had been working on another project in an adjacent studio. However, he declined to join as a permanent member, opting instead to continue with Santana.
Johnson recommended his friend Chester Thompson a former Frank Zappa sidemanwho joined as drummer in time for the next tour.NOAA National Weather Service Milwaukee/Sullivan, WI.
US Dept of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Weather Service. Listed by USA TODAY among 25 Essential Kindle Fire Apps! NewsHog is the most comprehensive, feature rich, free news and weather app on Google Play. Visit Scholastic's website for kids about books, reading, authors, games & more.
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Weather Report was an American jazz fusion band of the s and early s.
The band was initially co-led by the Austrian-born keyboard player Joe Zawinul, the American saxophonist Wayne Shorter and Czech bassist Miroslav regardbouddhiste.com prominent members at various points in the band's lifespan included bassists Alphonso Johnson, Jaco Pastorius and Victor Bailey; and drummers/percussionists.