Indeed, looking at his self portraits, we discover the handsome man he was, with his face reflecting the purity of his soul and his intelligence.
The Republic of India Based on: Madhav Sawhney Adopted on: January 26, Image Credit: The national emblem of a country is a seal that is reserved for official use by the state. For a country, the national emblem is a symbol of authority and represents the basis of its constitutional philosophy.
It was a declaration of the newly acquired Republic status of India. The National Emblem is used for official purposes only and demands sincere respect from the citizens of India.
It acts as the official seal for all national and state government offices and is the compulsory part of any letterhead used by the government. It features prominently on all currency notes as well as on diplomatic identification documents like the passports issued by the Republic of India.
The national Emblem is the symbol of sovereignty for India. The Lion Capital crowning the Ashok Pillar is carved out of a single block of yellow sand stone and features four Asiatic Lions sitting back to back, but the two dimensional representation of National Emblem depicts only 3, the fourth lion is hidden from view.
The four lions stand on a short cylindrical base that has four Ashok Chakras corresponding to each lion bust and reliefs of four more animals in between them — the lion, the bull, the elephant and the galloping horse.
In the 2D form of the National Emblem, only one Ashok Chakra is visible in the front with the galloping horse on the left and the bull on the right of it. The actual Lion Capital sits on an inverted lotus abacus which has not been included in the National Emblem representation.
The third Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka was a great conqueror and he established the first true empire in India. Emperor Ashoka embraced Buddhism after witnessing the endless bloodshed his quests wrought over the country.
Thereafter, instead of conquests and wars, he made non-violence, spiritualism, compassion and peaceful co-existence the cornerstones of his administration. He erected a number of sculptures and stone carvings throughout his kingdom to preach the tenets of Buddhism among his people.
Many such other pillars were erected by the Emperor but most of them contain a single animal on top. German-born civil engineer Friedrich Oscar Oertel started excavation of the area following the accounts of Chinese travellers during the medieval age. The excavations started in December and ended in April He unearthed the Ashoka Pillar of Sarnath in March and the whole pillar was found in three sections.
The topmost Lion Capital was found intact and is currently displayed in the Sarnath Museum. His gospel of peace, tolerance and emancipation from worldly attachments became the basis of life of penance when he embraced Buddhism.
By adopting this sculpture as the National Emblem, the Republic of India recognizes its allegiance to the philosophies of Buddha, attested the positive changes Ashoka brought to his kingdom and reaffirms its commitment towards upholding peace and tolerance.
The four lions of the capital joined back to back symbolize stress on equality and justice in all spheres of life. The four lions are also representative of the four core spiritual philosophies of Buddha since Buddha himself is symbolized as a lion.
It also signifies constant vigilance over all four directions. The cylindrical base below the lions further upholds certain symbolism.
The circular wheel in the middle is a form of Buddhist Dharma Chakra and is known as the Ashok Chakra after the emperor who popularized it. The 24 spokes of the Chakra represent the number of hours in a day, and portray the passage of time.
The spokes signify moving forward in life and thus one avoids stagnation of the mind.
The four animals depicted alternatively between the chakras are regarded as the guardians of four directions - the lion for the north, the elephant for the east, the horse for the south and the bull for the west. In some Buddhist texts, all these animals have been referred to as symbols for Buddha himself and the may be deduced as him carrying forward the tenets of Dharma.
The elephant represents the conception of Prince Siddhartha Queen Maya dreamt of an elephant entering her womb. The bull is the representative of Prince Siddhartha in his youth while the horse depicts Siddhartha renouncing his royal life in search of Bodhi.In the year since President Trump’s inauguration, Washington Post photographers set out to explore what unites Americans, through portraiture and audio interviews.
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1 COME, my tan-faced children: Follow well in order, get your weapons ready; Have you your pistols? have you your sharp edged axes? . Patriotism or national pride is the ideology of love and devotion to a homeland, and a sense of alliance with other citizens who share the same regardbouddhiste.com attachment can be a combination of many different features relating to one's own homeland, including ethnic, cultural, political or historical aspects.
The Moral Equivalent of War William James Introduction. The war against war is going to be no holiday excursion or camping party. The military feelings are too deeply grounded to abdicate their place among our ideals until better substitutes are offered than the glory and shame that come to nations as well as to individuals from the ups and .
Essay on national pride [Johann Georg Zimmermann] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This book was digitized and reprinted from the collections of the University of California Libraries. It was produced from digital images created through the libraries’ mass digitization efforts. The digital images were cleaned and prepared for printing through automated regardbouddhiste.com: Johann Georg Zimmermann. The national emblem of India is an adaptation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath. It was adopted on 26 January, This essay takes a look at its history and significance. Here's a full essay that I wrote with my students about the topic below. Some people think that governments should give financial support to creative artists such as painters and musicians. Others believe that creative artists should be funded by alternative sources. Discuss both views and give your own opinion. People have different views about the .