Early examples are from the universities of Oxford and Cambridge from and the founding President of the Royal Society William Brouncker in This usage survives today in the title of such offices as " President of the Board of Trade " and " Lord President of the Council " in the United Kingdomas well as "President of the Senate" in the United States one of the roles constitutionally assigned to the vice president. The officiating priest at certain Anglican religious services, too, is sometimes called the "president" in this sense.
It is composed of the heads of executive departments chosen by the president with the consent of the Senate, but the members do not hold seats in Congress, and their tenure, like that… Duties of the office The Constitution succinctly defines presidential functions, powers, and responsibilities.
Presidents appoint all cabinet heads and most other high-ranking officials of the executive branch of the federal government.
They also nominate all judges of the federal judiciary, including the members of the Supreme Court. Their appointments to executive and judicial posts must be approved by a majority of the Senate one of the two chambers of Congressthe legislative branch of the federal government, the other being the House of Representatives.
The Senate usually confirms these appointments, though it occasionally rejects a nominee to whom a majority of members have strong objections.
The president has the power to make treaties with foreign governments, though the Senate must approve such treaties by a two-thirds majority. Historical development By the time the Constitutional Convention assembled in Philadelphia on May 25,wartime and postwar difficulties had convinced most of the delegates that an energetic national executive was necessary.
They approached the problem warily, however, and a third of them favoured a proposal that would have allowed Congress to select multiple single-term executives, each of whom would be subject to recall by state governors. The subject consumed more debate at the convention than any other.
At first, delegates supported the idea that the executive should be chosen by Congress; however, congressional selection would make the executive dependent on the legislature unless the president was ineligible for reelection, and ineligibility would necessitate a dangerously long term six or seven years was the most common suggestion.
The delegates debated the method of election until early Septemberless than two weeks before the convention ended. Finally, the Committee on Unfinished Parts, chaired by David Brearley of New Jerseyput forward a cumbersome proposal—the electoral college —that overcame all objections.
Whoever received a majority of the votes would be elected president, the runner-up vice president. If no one won a majority, the choice would be made by the House of Representatives, each state delegation casting one vote. The president would serve a four-year term and be eligible for continual reelection by the Twenty-second Amendmentadopted inthe president was limited to a maximum of two terms.
Until agreement on the electoral college, delegates were unwilling to entrust the executive with significant authority, and most executive powers, including the conduct of foreign relationswere held by the Senate.
The delegates hastily shifted powers to the executive, and the result was ambiguous. First, Article II itemizes, in sections 2 and 3, certain presidential powers, including those of commander in chief of the armed forces, appointment making, treaty making, receiving ambassadors, and calling Congress into special session.
Second, a sizable array of powers traditionally associated with the executive, including the power to declare war, issue letters of marque and reprisal, and coin and borrow money, were given to Congress, not the president, and the power to make appointments and treaties was shared between the president and the Senate.
The delegates could leave the subject ambiguous because of their understanding that George Washington —97 would be selected as the first president. They deliberately left blanks in Article II, trusting that Washington would fill in the details in a satisfactory manner.
Indeed, it is safe to assert that had Washington not been available, the office might never have been created. Postrevolutionary period Scarcely had Washington been inaugurated when an extraconstitutional attribute of the presidency became apparent.
Inherently, the presidency is dual in character. Through centuries of constitutional struggle between the crown and ParliamentEngland had separated the two offices, vesting the prime minister with the function of running the government and leaving the ceremonial responsibilities of leadership to the monarch.
But the problems posed by the dual nature of the office remained unsolved. A few presidents, notably Thomas Jefferson —09 and Franklin D. Roosevelt —45proved able to perform both roles.
More common were the examples of John F. Kennedy —63 and Lyndon B.Presidency of the United States of America, chief executive office of the United States. In contrast to many countries with parliamentary forms of government, where the office of president, or head of state, is mainly ceremonial, in the United States the president is vested with great authority and is arguably the most powerful elected official in the world.
by April Boyd, Santa Clara University. Through extensive research, students will learn what a help-wanted ad is and what it consists of, and then will write a help-wanted ad that describes and advertises the position of the President of the United States. Under the 12th Amendment, the same three qualifications were applied to the vice president of the United States.
The 22nd Amendment limited office holders to two terms as president. The 22nd Amendment limited office holders to two terms as president.
The President of the United States has specific responsibilities laid out by the U.S. Constitution. In the age of television monitoring, however, the media tends to overemphasize the self-imposed presidential duties carried out in Washington, D.C., and elsewhere.
First lady: First lady, wife of the president of the United States. Although the first lady’s role has never been codified or officially defined, she figures prominently in the political and social life of the nation.
Representative of her husband on official and ceremonial occasions both at home and abroad. In recent years, a concerted effort has been gathering force to allow new immigrants to the United States to vote without becoming citizens.
It is being mounted by an alliance of liberal (or progressive, if you prefer) academics and law professors, local and state political leaders most often associated with the Democratic Party or other progressive .