A description of the praying mantids a fascinating group of predatory insects

Share Shares 1K Warning: However, there are aroundspecies of flies in the world many are yet to be discovered and some of them are accomplished predators.

A description of the praying mantids a fascinating group of predatory insects

Anatomy Wing arrangement of a typical mantis, adult male Raptrix perspicua Mantises have large, triangular heads with a beak-like snout and mandibles. They have two bulbous compound eyesthree small simple eyes, and a pair of antennae. In all species apart from the genus Mantoidathe prothorax, which bears the head and forelegs, is much longer than the other two thoracic segments.

Aug 09,  · Praying mantis Possibly the best known predatory insect. There are many species of praying mantis, or mantids, around the world, but they are all perfect ambush hunters, armed with long, modified forelegs armed with sharp hooks to capture prey. This pages will give you some general information about praying mantises, like their morphology, their camouflage, their senses, their way of life and their natural habitat. Morphology of a mantis. The morphology, or body plan, of a praying mantis is similar to that of many insects. It has six legs, two wings and two antennae. Praying Mantid Natural History. Praying Mantids are a fascinating group of predatory insects, in my opinion the praying mantis makes an awesome choice of pet.

The prothorax is also flexibly articulated, allowing for a wide range of movements of the head and fore limbs while the remainder of the body remains more or less immobile.

The femur itself is the proximal segment of the grasping part of the leg. Mantises have two spiked, grasping forelegs "raptorial legs" in which prey items are caught and held securely.

In most insect legs, including the posterior four legs of a mantis, the coxa and trochanter combine as an inconspicuous base of the leg; in the raptorial legs, however, the coxa and trochanter combine to form a segment about as long as the femurwhich is a spiky part of the grasping apparatus see illustration.


Located at the base of the femur is a set of discoidal spines, usually four in number, but ranging from none to as many as five depending on the species. These spines are preceded by a number of tooth-like tubercles, which, along with a similar series of tubercles along the tibia and the apical claw near its tip, give the foreleg of the mantis its grasp on its prey.

The foreleg ends in a delicate tarsus used as a walking appendage, made of four or five segments and ending in a two-toed claw with no arolium. If not wingless, a mantis has two sets of wings: They function as camouflage and as a shield for the hind wings, which are clearer and more delicate.

The abdomen tends to be slimmer in males than females, but ends in a pair of cerci in both sexes. A small area at the front called the fovea has greater visual acuity than the rest of the eye, and can produce the high resolution necessary to examine potential prey.

The peripheral ommatidia are concerned with perceiving motion; when a moving object is noticed, the head is rapidly rotated to bring the object into the visual field of the fovea. This occurs because the ommatidia that are viewed "head-on" absorb the incident lightwhile those to the side reflect it.

Many species, however, fly at night, and then may be attracted to artificial lights. Mantises in the family Liturgusidae collected at night have been shown to be predominately males; [29] this is probably true for most mantises. Nocturnal flight is especially important to males in locating less-mobile females by detecting their pheromones.

Flying at night exposes mantises to fewer bird predators than diurnal flight would. Many mantises also have an auditory thoracic organ that helps them avoid bats by detecting their echolocation calls and responding evasively.

A description of the praying mantids a fascinating group of predatory insects

They either camouflage themselves and remain stationary, waiting for prey to approach, or stalk their prey with slow, stealthy movements. For example, members of a few genera such as the ground mantises, Entella, Ligaria, and Ligariella run over dry ground seeking prey, much as tiger beetles do.

This may be advantageous in an insect that feeds intermittently. Malaysian orchid mantises are camouflaged pink or yellow, matching the coloration of local orchids. When directly threatened, many mantis species stand tall and spread their forelegs, with their wings fanning out wide.Interesting facts about praying mantises.

The praying mantis is an insect that has remained the subject of curiosity for ages because of its strange posture and predatory behaviour.


Their sense of sight is amazing compared to the abilities of other insects. A praying mantis has 5 eyes! A female praying mantis, when hungry, eats a male even during mating but the mating goes on. Let us learn some more praying mantis facts for kids that could give you a real insight about this creature.

Unlike most other insects, praying mantis The praying mantis has evolved a quite interesting behavior in that it grooms itself more. praying mantis insect is a general predator of most pest insects, mites, eggs, or any insect in reach. Praying mantis egg cases contains approximately baby mantis.

Phone: [email protected] Jun 29,  · Praying mantis are stunning insects with an enormous appetite, and an amusement to have in our backyards.

People often refer to any mantids (plural form of praying mantis) as a praying mantis, however, these /5. Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order regardbouddhiste.comes were once classified in a separate order from cockroaches, but recent phylogenetic studies indicate that they evolved from close ancestors of cockroaches during the Jurassic or Triassic.

Praying Mantids are a fascinating group of raptorially predatory insects. They occur throughout the tropics and in many of the sunny temperate zones of the world such as Southern Europe, North America and Canada and South Africa.

Urban Entomology [Ebeling Chap. 4] Classes of Arthropod Pests of the Urban Community