Chuck Close Save Charles Thomas "Chuck" Close born July 5, is an American painter, artist and photographer who achieved fame as a photorealistthrough his massive-scale portraits. Close often paints abstract portraits of himself and others, which hang in collections internationally.
His mother's name was Mildred Wagner Close. Even when in school, he did poorly due to his dyslexiawhich wasn't diagnosed at the time. He suffers from prosopagnosia face blindnessand has suggested that this condition is what first inspired him to do portraits.
I was absolutely outraged, disturbed. It was so far removed from what I thought art was. However, within 2 or 3 days, I was dripping paint all over my old paintings. In a way I've been chasing that experience ever since. Inhe won a coveted scholarship to the Yale Summer School of Music and Art,  and the following year entered the graduate degree program at Yale Universitywhere he received his MFA in Detail at right of eye.
This is a photorealistic painting representative of Close's earlier style, in contrast to his later "pictorial syntax" using "many small marks of paint". Compare the picture's integrity close up with the later work below, executed through a different technique.
Lucas -oil and graphite on canvas. Representative of his "later, more colorful and painterly style", "the elements of the picture are seen as separate abstract markings" when viewed close-up, while simultaneously maintaining the illusion of a realistic portrait at a distance.
There, he emulated Willem de Kooning and seemed "destined to become a third-generation abstract expressionistalthough with a dash of Pop iconoclasm".
The choice not to do something is in a funny way more positive than the choice to do something. If you impose a limit to not do something you've done before, it will push you to where you've never gone before. Working from a gridded photograph, he builds his images by applying one careful stroke after another in multi-colors or grayscale.
He works methodically, starting his loose but regular grid from the left hand corner of the canvas. It is also called super-realism or hyper-realism and painters like Richard EstesDenis PetersonAudrey Flackand Chuck Close often worked from photographic stills to create paintings that appeared to be photographs.
The everyday nature of the subject matter of the paintings likewise worked to secure the painting as a realist object.
By painting portraits, he is better able to recognize and remember faces. That occurred to me twenty years after the fact when I looked at why I was still painting portraits, why that still had urgency for me.
I began to realize that it has sustained me for so long because I have difficulty in recognizing faces. To create his grid work copies of photos, Close puts a grid on the photo and on the canvas and copies cell by cell.
Typically, each square within the grid is filled with roughly executed regions of color usually consisting of painted rings on a contrasting background which give the cell a perceived 'average' hue which makes sense from a distance. His first tools for this included an airbrush, rags, razor blade, and an eraser mounted on a power drill.
His first picture with this method was Big Self Portrait, a black and white enlargement of his face to a He made seven more black and white portraits during this period.
He has been quoted as saying that he used such diluted paint in the airbrush that all eight of the paintings were made with a single tube of Mars Black acrylic.
His later work has branched into non-rectangular grids, topographic map style regions of similar colors, CMYK color grid work, and using larger grids to make the cell by cell nature of his work obvious even in small reproductions. The Big Self Portrait is so finely done that even a full page reproduction in an art book is still indistinguishable from a regular photograph.
That day he was at a ceremony honoring local artists in New York City and was waiting to be called to the podium to present an award. Close delivered his speech and then made his way across the street to Beth Israel Medical Center where he suffered a seizure which left him paralyzed from the neck down.
The cause was diagnosed as a spinal artery collapse.
For months, Close was in rehab strengthening his muscles with physical therapy; he soon had slight movement in his arms and could walk, yet only for a few steps.
He has relied on a wheelchair ever since. Close spoke candidly about the effect disability had on his life and work in the book Chronicles of Courage: Viewed from afar, these squares appear as a single, unified image which attempt photo-reality, albeit in pixelated form.
Although the paralysis restricted his ability to paint as meticulously as before, Close had, in a sense, placed artificial restrictions upon his hyperrealist approach well before the injury. That is, he adopted materials and techniques that did not lend themselves well to achieving a photorealistic effect.
Small bits of irregular paper or inked fingerprints were used as media to achieve astoundingly realistic and interesting results. Close proved able to create his desired effects even with the most difficult of materials to control.
Close has made a practice, over recent years, of representing artists who are similarly invested in portraiture, like Cecily BrownKiki SmithCindy Shermanand Zhang Huan. To accommodate him, Crown Point found the largest copper plate it could 36 inches wide and purchased a new press, allowing Close to make a work that was 3 feet by 4 feet.
In he went to Kyoto to work with Tadashi Toda, a highly respected woodblock printer.Chuck Close, in full Chuck Thomas Close, (born July 5, , Monroe, Washington, U.S.), American artist noted for his highly inventive techniques used to paint the human face. He is best known for his large-scale Photo-realist portraits.
Who Is Chuck Close? Chuck Close was born on July 5, , in Monroe, Washington. Suffering from severe dyslexia, Close did poorly in school but found solace in making art. Charles Close – Charles Close – Big Self-Portrait, –(Left) / Nancy, (Right) Art as a Form of Escape Chuck Close was born in the year of in Monroe, a city in Snohomish County of regardbouddhiste.comality: United States.
Charles Thomas "Chuck" Close (born July 5, ) is an American painter and photographer who achieved fame as a photorealist, through his massive-scale portraits. Close is known for using creative and intricate patterns to portray a human portrait. Charles Thomas Close was born at home to Leslie and Mildred Close, a couple with a leaning toward artistic pursuits.
Leslie Close was a jack-of-all-trades with a flair for craftsmanship; he built Charles his first regardbouddhiste.comality: American. In , Cajori made "Chuck Close", a full-length expansion of the first film. British art critic Christopher Finch wrote a biography, Chuck Close: Life, which was published in , a sequel of sorts to Finch's book, Chuck Close: Work, a .